1st Edition

14 MeV Neutrons
Physics and Applications




ISBN 9781482238006
Published August 25, 2015 by CRC Press
516 Pages 254 B/W Illustrations

USD $185.00

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Book Description

Despite the often difficult and time-consuming effort of performing experiments with fast (14 MeV) neutrons, these neutrons can offer special insight into nucleus and other materials because of the absence of charge. 14 MeV Neutrons: Physics and Applications explores fast neutrons in basic science and applications to problems in medicine, the environment, and security.

Drawing on his more than 50 years of experience working with 14 MeV neutrons, the author focuses on:

  • Sources of 14 MeV neutrons, including laboratory size accelerators, small and sealed tube generators, well logging sealed tube accelerators, neutron generators with detection of associated alpha particles, plasma devices, high flux sources, and laser-generated neutron sources
  • Nuclear reactions with 14 MeV neutrons, including measurements of energy spectra, angular distributions, and deductions of reaction mechanism
  • Nuclear reactions with three particles in the final state induced by neutrons and the identification of effects of final state interaction, quasi-free scattering, and charge-dependence of nuclear forces
  • Charged particle and neutron detection methods, particularly position-sensitive detectors
  • Industrial applications of nuclear analytical methods, especially in the metallurgy and coal industries
  • Quality assurance and quality control measures for nuclear analytical methods
  • Nuclear and atomic physics-based technology for combating illicit trafficking and terrorism
  • Medical applications, including radiography, radiotherapy, in vivo neutron activation analysis, boron neutron therapy, collimated neutron beams, and dosimetry

This book reflects the exciting developments in both fundamental nuclear physics and the application of fast neutrons to many practical problems. The book shows how 14 MeV neutrons are used in materials detection and analysis to effectively inspect large volumes in complex environments.

Table of Contents

Introduction
History: From Discovery to Present
MeV Neutrons and Nuclear Weapons
Nuclear Physics Probe
Modern Applications
References
Nuclear Reaction d + t → α + n
Properties of 3H(d,n)4He Nuclear Reaction
D-T Fusion Reaction: Power Production
Associated Alpha Particle-Tagged Neutron Beams
References
Sources of 14 MeV Neutrons
Introduction
Laboratory Size Accelerators
Small and Sealed-Tube Neutron Generators
Well Logging Sealed-Tube Accelerators
Neutron Generators with the Detection of Associated Alpha Particles
Plasma Devices
High Flux Sources
Laser-Generated Nanosecond Pulsed Neutron Sources
Calibrations of 14 MeV Neutron Generators
New Developments
Safety and Regulations
References
Detectors
Charged Particle Detection
Scintillation Detectors
Neutron Detection, Neutron-Gamma Separation
Personal X-Ray, Gamma, and Neutron Detectors
References
Nuclear Reactions Induced by 14 MeV Neutrons
Introduction
Experimental Setup, Coincidence Measurements
Nuclear Reactions on Light Nuclei
Direct Reactions, Compound Nucleus Formation
Activation Analysis: (n,p), (n,np), (n,α), (n,nα), (n,n'y), (n,2n), (n,t), (n,3He) Reactions
Fission Induced by 14 MeV Neutrons
Neutron-Induced SEU
References
Fast Neutron Activation Analysis: An Analytical Method
FNAA: Fundamentals and Applications
QA/QC Measures, Reference Materials
Process Control of Industrial Production Processes
Threat Material Detection with PFNA
Safety Issues
Fusion with Other Methods
References
Applications of Tagged Neutron Beams
Use of Tagged Neutron Beams
Homeland Security Applications
Detection of Threat Materials (Explosives, Drugs, and Dangerous Chemicals)
Use of Tagged Neutron Beam for Sea Container Inspection, Transport Infrastructure Control
Neutron Generators in Extreme Conditions
More Objects to Be Inspected and Inspection Requirements
References
Nuclear Reactions Logging
Nuclear Well Logging
Logging with Pulsed Neutron Beam
Carbon-Oxygen Log
Small-Scale Variations in C/O Ratios
References
Medical Applications of 14 MeV Neutrons
Introduction
Biological and Medical Applications
In Vivo Neutron Activation Analysis
Neutron Radiography
Fast Neutron Radiotherapy
Collimated Neutron Beams
Quality Assurance Programs for Diagnostic Facilities
Production of Radioisotopes Using Fast Neutrons
Dosimetry
References

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Author(s)

Biography

Vladivoj Valković is a retired professor of physics, a fellow of the American Physical Society and Institute of Physics, and the founder and director of the Croatian-based company Analysis & Control Technologies Ltd. (A.C.T.d.o.o.), which implements environmental security projects. Dr. Valković has authored 13 books and more than 380 scientific and technical papers in many journals. His research interests include nuclear physics and the application of instrumentation and techniques to problems in biology, medicine, environmental research, and trace element analysis. He recently developed the idea of autonomous ship container inspection.