1st Edition

Opportunities and Challenges

ISBN 9781771881098
Published August 3, 2015 by Apple Academic Press
382 Pages 95 B/W Illustrations

USD $165.00

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Book Description

Energy is one of the prime needs of the modern world, and energy demands have been rapidly increasing in the recent years owing to rapid advancements in industrialization and population explosion. Conventional fossil fuels are being depleted at rapid rates, and the use of conventional sources such as coal or nuclear sources cause several hazards to the environment. New sources of fuel, such as bioenergy, are an ideal option for fulfilling ever-increasing energy demands. This important book offers an exploration of these alternate fuel sources, including biohydrogen, microbial fuel cells, bioethanol, and biodiesel production, focusing on the challenges and factors hindering the real-time application of these bioenergy sources.

Researchers all over the world are working in this energy sector, and this has led to drastic improvements in bioenergy research. However, the technology gap between research and industrial application still exists. This important book offers engineers and technologists from different disciplines valuable information on this multifaceted field. The field of bioenergy is interdisciplinary, requiring the knowledge of biologists, chemists, physicists, and engineers. Exploring the current trends and future prospects for biofuels, the information presented in this book will be valuable to the international industrial community for identifying new options to circumvent problems that exist in bioenergy applications.

Topics include:

• Thermophilic biohydrogen production

• Bio-hydrogen production

• Microbial fuel cells as a promising alternative energy source

• Microbial fuel cell applications

• Potential of Pscillatoria annae in producing bioethanol

• Potential of lignocellulosic biofuels

• Biodiesel production

• Reactor designs for biodesel production

• Long-term storage stability of Pongamia pinnata and Jatropha curcus biodiesel

Table of Contents


Section 1: Biohydrogen Production

Thermophilic Biohydrogen Production: Challenges at the Industrial Scale; Sudhir Kumar, Aditya Bhalla, Mohit Bibra, Jia Wang, Kayla Morisette, Subramanian M. Raj, David Salem, and Rajesh K. Sani

Bio-hydrogen Production: Current Trends and Future Prospects; Vinita Mishra and Isha Srivastava

Section 2: Microbial Fuel Cells

Microbial Fuel Cells: A Promising Alternative Energy Source; M. J. Angelaa Lincy, B. Ashokkumar, M. Vasantha, and P. Varalakshmi

Challenges to and Opportunities in Microbial Fuel Cells; J. Jayapriya and V. Ramamurthy

Systems Biology Approaches for Microbial Fuel Cell Applications; Navanietha Krishnaraj. R, and Jong-Sung Yu

Section 3: Bioethanol Production

Potentials of Oscillatoria annae in Producing Bioethanol by Degradation of Selected Lignocellulosics; P.Malliga, V. Viswajith, D. Malini, and R. Sabitha

Challenges in Harnessing the Potential of Lignocellulosic Biofuels and the Probable Combating Strategies; Lakshmi Shri Roy, Vijay Kumar Garlapati, and Rintu Banerjee

Section 4: Biodesel Production

Biodiesel: Production, Opportunities and Challenges; Deeksha

An Overview Of Reactor Designs for Biodesel Production; Vijay Kumar Garlapati, Lakshmi Shri Roy, and Rintu Banerjee

Studies on the Effect of Antioxidants on the Long-Term Storage Stability and Oxidation Stability of Pongamia pinnata and Jatropha curcus Biodiesel; A. Obadiah and S. Vasanth Kumar

Effect of Fungal Biotic Stress on Physic Nut (Jatropha curcas L.); Seweta Srivastava and Asha Sinhda

Section 5: Catalysis for Biofuels

A Chemist’s Perspective on Bioenergy: Opportunities and Challenges; Sannapaneni Janardan, B. B. Pavankumar, Shivendu Ranjan, Nandita Dasguptand, Melvin Samuel, Chidambaram Ramalingam,Akella Sivaramakrishna, and Kari Vijayakrishna


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R. Navanietha Krishnaraj, PhD, is currently working as the technical officer in National Institute of Technology in Durgapur, India. Before joining NIT Durgapur, he was working at CSIR-Central Electrochemical Research Institute. He holds a BTech in biotechnology and PhD in the field of microbial fuel cells. His areas of interests include bioelectrocatalysis and nanobiotechnology. He has authored several research articles in reputed journals and is a life member of several professional bodies.

Prof. Jong-Sung Yu is one of the most renowned scientists in the field of electrochemical science. He is currently a professor in the Department of Advanced Materials Chemistry at Korea University in Seoul, South Korea. He received a bachelor of science in chemistry from Sogang University in 1983 in Korea and a PhD in chemistry at the University of Houston, Houston, Texas, USA, in 1990. He has several years of rich post-doctoral experience at Ohio State University, the University of Houston, Pennsylvania State University, and Northwestern University. He is currently on the editorial board of the Journal of Experimental Nanoscience (Taylor and Francis), Frontiers in Fuel Cells, and Carbon Letter (Korean Carbon Society). He was awarded an Excellent Research Award from the Inorganic Chemistry Division in 2011 and from the Material Chemistry Division in 2004 of the Korean Chemistry Society. He was also given a Korea Strategic Research Grant (2010–2015) in energy application. He has authored about 190 peer-reviewed articles and 60 patents. His research interests lie in nanostructured materials for storage, delivery, and conversion with particular attention toward electrochemical applications, such as fuel cell, battery, capacitor, solar cell, and sensors.