This book discusses theoretical approaches to the taxonomy of biological systems and theory and mathematical approaches to the problem of plant diversity, cultivation, and the environment. Particular attention is given to theoretical and practical problems of soil and the environmental sustainability of phytocoenosis, with the goal to enhance the productivity of agricultural crops: cereals, legumes, vegetables, and fruit.
Providing valuable information on the distribution of chemical elements in the soil–plant system and on the migration of chemical elements in the food chain, this book looks at the composition of the soil and the distribution of elements in the soil–plant system that are manifested as adaptations of plant organism to environmental conditions. With chapters written by acknowledged scientists in the field of genetics, plant selection, ecology, and agro-economy, the book attempts, in many cases, to find consensus between the need to address ways to decrease the excess load on the environment and the need to provide adequately for the human population in agro-developed countries.
This book also presents precision farming techniques, including the introduction of differentiated agrochemicals and considering variability of soil fertility and crop conditions. An important element for the conservation and adaptation of plant organism to environmental conditions is the use of physiologically active compounds.
Table of Contents
The Optimization of Interaction Anthropogenic Changes with Natural Environmental Variability for Sustainable Land Use
Anthropoadaptability of Plants As A Basis Component of A New Wave of the ÒGreen RevolutionÓ; Anatoly Iv. Opalko and Olga А. Opalko
Optimization of the Structurally Functional Changes in the Cultured Phytocoenoses in the Areas with Extreme Edaphic-Climatic Conditions; Nina An. Bome, Larissa I. Weisfeld, Sarra Ab. Bekuzarova, and Alexander Ya. Bome
Directions of Selection and Evaluation Methods of Breading of Galega Eastern and Red Clover in Belarus
Source Material for Breeding Varieties of Red Clover for Different Ways to Use; Vera Iv. Bushuyeva
Results of Electrophoretic Analysis of Seed Storage Proteins of Variety Samples of Red Clover and Galega Orientalis; Vera Iv. Bushuyeva
Use of Genotypic Variability of Galega Orientalis for Identification of Varieties; Vera Iv. Bushuyeva
Problems of Grain Crops Growing on Acid Soils of the European North
Problems of Grain Crops Growing on Acid Soils of the European North; Evgeniy. M. Lisitsyn
Dynamics of Acidity and the Aluminum Content in Podzolic Soil; Lyudmila N. Shikhova, Ostap A. Paladich, and Eugene M. Lisitsyn
Role of the Paternal and Maternal Components of Crossing on Resistance of Oats Hybrids to Aluminum Ions; Galina A. Batalova and Eugene M. Lisitsyn
Experience of Studying of Genetic Control of Barley Aluminum Resistance; Irina N. Shchennikova and Eugene M. Lisitsyn
Action of Some Genetic Systems of Plants of Oats and Barley Differing on Resistance to Environmental Abiotic Stressors; Eugene M. Lisitsyn, Galina A. Batalova, Irina N. Shchennikova, and Lyudmila N. Shikhova
Scientifically Substantiated Soil and Climatical Regions for the Industrial Cultivation of Crops in Ukraine
Scientifically Substantiated Soil and Climatical Regions for the Industrial Cultivation of Fruit Crops in Ukraine; Mykola O. Bublyk, Liudmyla A. Fryziuk, and Liudmyla M. Levchuk
Sugar Beet Productivity Formation Depending on Foliar Application of Microelements; Volodymyr A. Doronin and Lesya М. Karpuk
Market Development Trends of Crop Produce in Ukraine; Andriy V. Doronin
Effect of Nutrient Media Containing Natural and Chemically Modified Starches on Haploid Production in Spring Barley Anther Culture in Vitro; Olena V. Bilynska
Efficient Strain of Slow-Growing Nodulating Bacteria Bradyrhizobium japonicum 84Kl as a Basis of Biofertilizer SoyaRhiz; Liliya E. Kartyzhova, Irina V. Semyonova, Natalia V. Korolyonok, Zinaida M. Aleschenkova, and Lyudmila V. Romanova
Selection of Competitive and Efficient Strains of Rhizobium galegae; Liliya E. Kartyzhova
Degradation of Triethylamine by Strain Rhodococcus qingshengii B-823D; Roman K. Nagorny and Alissa S. Samsonova
Strawberry Pollen Breeding for Cold Resistance; Irina G. Puhachova, Galina A. Evstratova, and Roman M. Puhachov
Innovative Technologies of Cultivation of Agricultural Crops in Russia
Application of Natural Springs of Mountain Zone of North Kaukazus for Increase of Selenium Content in Garlic; Sarra Ab. Bekuzarova and Alan T. Kesayev
Stimulators of Increase of Lucerne Seeds Germination; Sarra Ab. Bekuzarova, Irina M. Haniyeva, and Nurbek L. Adayev
Oil Flax in the Foothills of Northern Caucasus; Sarra Ab. Bekuzarova, Irina M. Haniyeva, and Svetlana S. Kazieva
Improvement of Cultivation and Harvesting of Festulolium Seed in the Forest-Steppe of Central Chernnozem Zone of Russia; Vladimir N. Obraztsov, Diana Iv. Shchedrina, Vasiliy An. Fedotov, Sabir V. Kadyrov, and Vladimir V. Kondratov
Elements Cultivation Technology Optimization of Melilotus albus Medik. in the Middle Volga Region; Vladimir F. Kazarin and Alexandra V. Kazarina
Adaptive Reactions of Cultural Plants to Stress Factors
Ecological and Genetic Potential of Soft Spring Wheat in Conditions of the Northern Zauralye; Nina An. Bome, Alexandr Ya. Bome, and Elena I. Ripberger
The Peculiarities of Seedlings Formation of Triticum aestivum L. Under Salinization Conditions; Anna Al. Belozerova, Nina An. Bome, Alexander Ya. Bome, and Svetlana M. Mostovshchikova
Adaptive Reaction of Triticum aestivum L. on Soil and Climatic Environmental Factors under Impact of Physiologically Active Compounds; Irina A. Dudareva and Nina. An. Bome
Lipid Peroxidation in Plants of Coastline of Ponds of Urbanized Teritorries; Alexey L. Kornilov and Galina A. Petukhova
Prospective Species of Elms (Ulmus L.) for Arid Zones of Khakasia; Galina N. Gordeeva
Theoretical Aspects and the Analysis of Biodiversity
Analysis of Correlation Structure in Bilateral Traits; Aleksey B. Trubyanov, Georgy Yu. Sofronov, and Nikolay V. Glotov
The Analysis of Ontogenetic Spectrum of Heterogeneous Population; Nikolay V. Glotov, Georgy Yu. Sofronov, Sergey M. Ivanov, Yulia G. Suetina, Lyudmila V. Prokopyeva, and Alexey A. Teplykh
Principles and Challenges in the Development of Parametrical Systems of Biological Taxa; Zeleev Ravil M.
Natural Disasters and Ways to Minimize Their Harm
Landscape Conditions of Development of Natural Disasters in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania; Fatima M. Khacajeva and Vadim An. Tomajev
An Evaluation of the Biological Treatment Effectiveness of Oil Polluted Soils for the Yakutian Arctic Region; Yuliya S. Glyaznetsova, Iraida N. Zueva, Olga N. Chalaya, and Sara H. Lifshits
Larissa I. Weisfeld is a senior researcher at the Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia; a member of the All-Russia Vavilov Society of Geneticists and Breeders; the author of about 300 publications in scientific journals, patents and conference proceedings; and the co-author of three new cultivars of winter wheat. Her main field of interest concerns basic problems of chemical mutagenesis, mutational selection, and the mechanism of action of para-amonobensoic acid. She has worked as a scientific editor in the publishing house Nauka (Moscow) and in the journals Genetics and Ontogenesis.
Anatoly Iv. Opalko, PhD, is Head of the Physiology, Genetics, Plant Breeding and Biotechnology Division at the National Dendrological Park "Sofiyivka" of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Uman, Cherkassy District, Ukraine, and Professor at Uman National University of Horticulture, Uman, Ukraine, as well as Head of the Cherkassy Regional Branch of Vavilov Society of Geneticists and Breeders of Ukraine. He is also a prolific author, researcher, and lecturer. He received several awards for his work, including the badge of honor "Excellence in Agricultural Education". He is member of many professional organizations and on the editorial boards of the Ukrainian Biological and Agricultural Science journals.
Nina A. Bome, DSc in Agriculture, is Professor and Head of the Department of Botany, Biotechnology and Landscape Architecture at the Institute of Biology at the Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia. She is the author of the monographs, articles, school-books, patents, and she is a lecturer. The is the Director and Founder of the Scientific School for Young Specialists. She is the author of about 300 publications. She participates in long-term Russian and international programs. Her main field of interest concerns basic problems of adaptive potential of cultivated crops, mutagenesis, possibility of conservation, enhancing biodiversity of plants, methods of evaluation of plants’ resistance to the phytopatogens and other unfavorable environmental factors, and genetic resources of cultivated plants in the extreme conditions of the Western Siberia.
Sarra A. Bekuzarova, DSc in Agriculture, is Head of the Laboratory of Plant Breeding and Feed Crops of the North Caucasus Institute of mountain and submontane agriculture of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia; Professor at the Gorsky State University of Agriculture, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia, as well as Professor at Kosta Khetagurov North-Ossetia State University, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia. She is also a prolific author, researcher, and lecturer. She is a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. She is a member of the International Academy of Authors of the Scientific Discoveries and Inventions, the International Academy of Sciences of Ecology, Safety of Man and Nature, the All-Russian Academy of Non-traditional and Rare Plants, and the International Academy of Agrarian Education. She is a member of the editorial boards of several scientific journals.