1st Edition

Computational Transport Phenomena for Engineering Analyses





ISBN 9781138114296
Published January 24, 2018 by CRC Press
546 Pages 14 Color & 57 B/W Illustrations

USD $86.95

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Book Description

Although computer technology has dramatically improved the analysis of complex transport phenomena, the methodology has yet to be effectively integrated into engineering curricula. The huge volume of literature associated with the wide variety of transport processes cannot be appreciated or mastered without using innovative tools to allow comprehension and study of these processes. Connecting basic principles with numerical methodology for solving the conservations laws, Computational Transport Phenomena for Engineering Analyses presents the topic in terms of modern engineering analysis. The book includes a production quality computer source code for expediting and illustrating analyses of mass, momentum, and energy transport.

The text covers transport phenomena with examples that extend from basic empirical analyses to complete numerical analyses. It includes a computational transport phenomena (CTP) code written in Fortran and developed and owned by the authors. The code does not require a lease and can run on a PC or a supercomputer. The authors also supply the source code, allowing users to modify the code to serve their particular needs, once they are familiar with the code. Using the CTP code, grid generation and solution procedures are described and visual solution presentations are illustrated thus offering extensive coverage of the methodology for a wide range of applications.

The authors illustrate and emphasize that the very general solutions afforded by solving the unsteady, multidimensional transport equations for real multicomponent fluids describe an immense body of physical processes. Bringing together a wealth of professional and instructional experience, this book stresses a problem-solving approach that uses one set of computational and graphical tools to describe all aspects of the analysis. It provides understanding of the principles involved so that code improvements and/or use of commercial codes can be accomplished knowledgeably.

Table of Contents

Computational Transport Phenomena
Overview
Transport Phenomena
Analyzing Transport Phenomena
A Computational Tool: The CTP Code
Verification, Validation, and Generalization
Summary
Nomenclature
References

The Equations of Change
Introduction
Derivation of The Continuity Equation
Derivation of The Species Continuity Equation
Derivation of The Equation Of Motion
Derivation of The General Energy Equation
Non-Newtonian Fluids
General Property Balance
Analytical and Approximate Solutions for the Equations of Change
Summary
Nomenclature
References

Physical Properties
Overview
Real-Fluid Thermodynamics
Chemical Equilibrium and Reaction Kinetics
Molecular Transport Properties
Thermal Radiation Properties
Nomenclature
References

Turbulence Modeling Concepts
Reynolds Averaging and Eddy Viscosity Models
Turbulence Characteristics
Reynolds and Favre Averaging
Eddy Viscosity Models
Nomenclature
Appendix 4.A: Basic Probability Parameters
References

Other Turbulence Models
More Comprehensive Turbulence Models
Differential Second-Moment Closure Methods
Probability Density Function Models
Direct Numerical Simulation
Large Eddy Simulation
Laminar-To-Turbulent Transition Models
Nomenclature
References

Computational Coordinates and Conservation Laws
Overview
Coordinates
Conservation Laws in Computational Coordinates
Transformed CTP Equations
Nomenclature
Appendix 6.A Transformed Terms Which Complete the System of Conservation Laws
References

Numerical Methods for Solving Governing Equations
Overview
Density-Based and Pressure-Based Methods
Numerical Methods
Grid Topologies
Space–Time Conservation-Element/Solution-Element Methods
Nomenclature
References

The CTP Code
Grids
Discretized Conservation Equations
Upwind and Dissipation Schemes
Solution Strategy
Time-Marching Scheme
Boundary Conditions
Initial Conditions
CTP Code Features
User’s Guide
Nomenclature

Multiphase Phenomena
Scope
Dilute Suspensions
Interphase Mass Transfer
Multiphase Effects Included in the CTP Code
Population Balance Models
Dense Particulate Flows
Nomenclature
References

Closure
References
APPENDIX A: Grid Stencils and Example Problems
APPENDIX B: Rudiments of Vector and Tensor Analysis
APPENDIX C: Fortran Primer
Index

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