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Classification is a crucial skill for all information workers involved in organizing collections. This new edition offers fully revised and updated guidance on how to go about classifying a document from scratch.
Essential Classificationleads the novice classifier step by step through the basics of subject cataloguing, with an emphasis on practical document analysis and classification. It deals with fundamental questions of the purpose of classification in different situations, and the needs and expectations of end users. The reader is introduced to the ways in which document content can be assessed, and how this can best be expressed for translation into the language of specific indexing and classification systems.
Fully updated to reflect changes to the major general schemes (Library of Congress, LCSH, Dewey and UDC) since the first edition, and with new chapters on working with informal classification, from folksonomies to tagging and social media, this new edition will set cataloguers on the right path. Key areas covered are:
The need for classification
The variety of classification
The structure of classification
Working with informal classification
Management aspects of classification
Classification in digital space.
Readership: This guide is essential reading for library school students, novice cataloguers and all information workers who need to classify but have not formally been taught how. It also offers practical guidance to computer scientists, internet and intranet managers, and all others concerned with the design and maintenance of subject tools.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 2. The need for classification 3. First principles of classification 4. The variety of classification: systems and structures 5. The classification scheme: internal structure 6. Types of classification scheme 7. Order in the classification scheme 8. Content analysis 1: document description 9. Content analysis 2: practical constraints 10. Controlled indexing languages 11. Word-based approaches to retrieval 12. Library of Congress Subject Headings 1: basic headings 13. Library of Congress Subject Headings 2: structured headings 14. Classification scheme application 15. Library of Congress Classification 1: basic classmark construction 16. Library of Congress Classification 1: use of tables 17. Dewey Decimal Classification 18. Universal Decimal Classification 1: general properties and basic number building 19. Universal Decimal Classification 1: auxiliary tables 20. Faceted classification 21. Managing classification.