Drawing on the case of HIV/AIDS in Thailand, this book examines how anthropological and other interpretative social science research has been utilized in modeling the AIDS epidemic, and in the design and implementation of interventions. It argues that much social science research has been complicit with the forces that generated the epidemic and with the social control agendas of the state, and that as such it has increased the weight of structural violence bearing upon the afflicted.
The book also questions claims of Thai AIDS control success, arguing that these can only be made at the cost of excluding categories such as intravenous drug users, the incarcerated, and homosexuals, who continue to experience extraordinarily high levels of levels of HIV infection. Considered deviant and undeserving, these persons have deliberately been excluded from harm reduction programs.
Overall, this work argues for the untapped potential of anthropological research in the health field, a confident anthropology rooted in ethnography and a critical reflexivity. Crucially, it argues that in context of interdisciplinary collaborations, anthropological research must refuse relegation to the status of an adjunct discipline, and must be free epistemologically and methodologically from the universalizing assumptions and practices of biomedicine.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: An Orientation 2. The Thai AIDS Epidemic and the Failure of Critical Analysis 3. Constructing Thailand’s AIDS Epidemic with a "New" Social Science 4. Social Science, HIV/AIDS, Stigma and Discrimination 5. Biomedicine, Social Science Research and the Stigmatising of the AIDS Affected: New Perspectives from Structural Violence and Social Suffering 6. Thai AIDS Research: Structural Violence, Stigma, Discrimination, and Genocide-Like State Violence 7. Thailand’s "Good" Response to the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: A Critical Examination 8. An Alternative Perspective on the Thai Response to AIDS Control 9. Conclusion. Postscript.
Graham Fordham is a social anthropologist who has extensive experience researching the Thai and other Southeast Asian AIDS epidemics. He currently teaches in the College of Medicine, Biology and Environment at the Australian National University in Canberra.