This volume provides a unique primary source on the history and philosophy of mathematics and science from the mediaeval Arab world. The fourth volume of A History of Arabic Sciences and Mathematics is complemented by three preceding volumes which focused on infinitesimal determinations and other chapters of classical mathematics.
This book includes five main works of the polymath Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen) on astronomy, spherical geometry and trigonometry, plane trigonometry and studies of astronomical instruments on hour lines, horizontal sundials and compasses for great circles.
In particular, volume four examines:
- the increasing tendency to mathematize the inherited astronomy from Greek sources, namely Ptolemy's Almagest;
- the development of celestial kinematics;
- new research in spherical geometry and trigonometry required by the new kinematical theory;
- the study on astronomical instruments and its impact on mathematical research. These new historical materials and their mathematical and historical commentaries contribute to rewriting the history of mathematical astronomy and mathematics from the 11th century on.
Including extensive commentary from one of the world’s foremost authorities on the subject, this fundamental text is essential reading for historians and mathematicians at the most advanced levels of research.
Table of Contents
PART I Chapter 1 The Celestial Kinematics of Ibn Al-Haytham Chapter 2 Mathematical Commentary Chapter 3 The Variety of Heights: A Propædeutic to the Configuration of the Motions of the Seven Wandering Stars PART II Chapter 1 On Hour Lines Chapter 2 Horizontal Sundials Chapter 3 Compasses for Great Circles Bibliography
Roshdi Rashed is one of the most eminent authorities on Arabic mathematics and the exact sciences. A historian and philosopher of mathematics and science and a highly celebrated epistemologist, he is currently Emeritus Research Director (distinguished class) at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in Paris, and is the former Director of the Centre for History of Medieval Science and Philosophy at the University of Paris (Denis Diderot, Paris VII). He also holds an Honorary Professorship at the University of Tokyo and an Emeritus Professorship at the University of Mansourah in Egypt.
J. V. Field is a historian of science, and is a Visiting Research Fellow in the Department of History of Art and Screen Media, Birkbeck, University of London, UK.