Ideological Equals: Women Architects in Socialist Europe 1945-1989 presents an alternative narrative of women in architecture. A topic often considered from the perspective of difference, this edited collection conversely focuses on the woman architect in a position of equality with their male counterparts. The book looks at nations in Eastern Europe under Socialism where, between 1945 and 1989, a contrasting vision of gender relations was propagated in response to the need for engineers and architects. It includes contributions from established and emerging academics in the fields of 20th century history, art history, and architectural history in Central and Eastern Europe exploring the political, economic and social mechanisms which either encouraged or limited the rise of the woman architect. Investigating the inherent contradictions of Socialist gender ideology and practice, this illustrated volume examines the individuals in different contexts; the building types the women produced; the books and theory they were able to write; their contacts to international organizations; and their representation on both sides of the Iron Curtain.
Table of Contents
List of Figures. Notes on Contributors. Acknowledgements. Introduction. Part 1: Case Studies 1. Between State Socialist Emancipation and Professional Desire Harald Engler 2. Female Students of Jože Plečnik between Tradition and Modernism Tina Potočnik 3. At the Forefront of Socialist Development Péter Haba 4. Emancipated but Still Accompanied Henrieta Moravčikova 5. Spousal Collaboration as a Professional Strategy for Women Architects in the Polish People's Republic Piotr Marciniak 6. The Drawing Board au féminin Ana Maria Zahariade 7. Women Architects of Soviet Estonia Ingrid Ruudi Part 2: Individuals in Context 8. Gender and Return Migration Mary Pepchinski 9. Performing Equality Mirjana Lozanovska 10. The (in)Famous Anca Petrescu Dana Vais Part 3: Exchange and Publicity 11. Hungarian Women Architects in the UIFA Mariann Simon 12. The Architect Iris Dullin-Grund in the Films of Divided Germany Petra Lohmann Afterword. Index
Mary Pepchinski is an architect and a professor of architectural design at the University of Applied Science, Dresden. She has taught at the Technical Universities of Berlin, Dresden, and Graz, where she was the Aigner-Rollet Guest Professor for Gender Studies and Women’s Reseach in 2002.
Mariann Simon is an architect and professor. After eight years in practice she turned to teaching and research work focusing on 20th century and contemporary architecture and theory at Budapest University of Technology and Economics. Since 2014 she has been a professor at the Department for Urban Planning and Design, Szent István University, Budapest.