In the conventional discourse on macroeconomics, the subject of human development is at best marginal and at worst irrelevant. In the unconventional discourse on human development, macroeconomics or its constraints are seldom recognised, even if its consequences are often highlighted. There are, however, intersections and interconnections, which provide the rationale for this book that seeks to map some broad contours of an unexplored, yet important, domain. Macroeconomics is important for human development because it determines levels of employment, the degree of social protection and the public provision of services such as healthcare or education. Human development has implications and consequences for macroeconomics, for it can mobilize or claim resources to enlarge or diminish space for macroeconomic policies. The relationship exists, and matters, not only in poor countries but also in wealthy ones.
Employment, even if neglected, provides the critical link. This book shows that causation runs in both directions and can be either positive or negative. It reveals similarities and differences between developing countries and industrialised countries. The political context is significant everywhere as interests, ideology and institutions influence economic policies in both spheres to shape outcomes.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Human Development and Capabilities.
Table of Contents
1. On Macroeconomics and Human Development: An Unexplored Domain Deepak Nayyar 2. Macroeconomics and Human Development Deepak Nayyar 3. Macroeconomic Fluctuations, Inequality, and Human Development Joseph E. Stiglitz 4. Macroeconomics, Human Development and Distribution Stephanie Seguino 5. The Impact of Global Economic Crises on the Poor: Comparing the 1980s and 2000s Frances Stewart 6. Economic Growth, Equity and Human Development in Latin America José Antonio Ocampo and Juliana Vallejo 7. Financial Globalization and Human Development Ajit Singh
Deepak Nayyar is Professor of Economics at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India, and Distinguished University Professor of Economics at the New School for Social Research, New York, USA. He is also an Honorary Fellow of Balliol College at Oxford University, UK. He was Vice Chancellor of the University of Delhi, India from 2000 to 2005. He also served as Chief Economic Adviser to the Government of India and Secretary in the Ministry of Finance from 1989 to 1991. His research interests include international economics, macroeconomics and development economics. He has published papers and books on a wide range of subjects, including trade policies, industrialization strategies, macroeconomic stabilization, structural adjustment, economic liberalization, trade theory, macro policies, international migration and the multilateral trading system.