The wide gap between science and practice in psychotherapy is due in part to the one-way direction that has mostly defined the connection between researchers and clinicians, with researchers generating empirical knowledge with the hope that practitioners will implement it in their working environment. This traditional approach has not been optimal in addressing the day-to-day concerns of clinicians, or in providing easily generalizable practice guidelines in clinical routine.
This book offers an alternative approach to psychotherapy research, based on a partnership between clinicians and researchers in different aspects of the decision, design, implementation, and dissemination of studies conducted in day-to-day practice. More specifically, it describes how to conduct practice-oriented research (POR) by presenting studies and lessons learned (in terms of obstacles faced, strategies used to overcome problems, benefits earned, and general recommendations) by eleven groups of who have been involved in POR in different settings around the world. The book provides tools to help clinicians be active participants in conducting clinically relevant studies, and set the agenda for future research. It seeks to foster collaboration between researchers and practitioners, generating knowledge that can improve our understanding of the process of change and the impact of psychotherapy. This book was originally published as a special issue of Psychotherapy Research.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Fostering collaboration between researchers and clinicians through building practice-oriented research Louis G. Castonguay and J. Christopher Muran
1. Implementing routine outcome monitoring in clinical practice: Benefits, challenges, and solutions James F. Boswell, David R. Kraus, Scott D. Miller, and Michael J. Lambert
2. Developing practice-based evidence: Benefits, challenges, and tensions Rolf Holmqvist, Björn Philips, and Michael Barkham
3. Benefits and challenges in practice-oriented psychotherapy research in Germany: The TK and the QS-PSY-BAY projects of quality assurance in outpatient psychotherapy Bernhard Michael Strauss, Wolfgang Lutz, Andres Steffanowski, Werner W. Wittmann, Jan R. Boehnke, Julian Rubel, Carl E. Scheidt, Franz Caspar, Heiner Vogel, Uwe Altmann, Rolf Steyer, Anna Zimmermann, Ellen Bruckmayer, Friedrich von Heymann, Dietmar Kramer, and Helmut Kirchmann
4. Practice research network in a psychology training clinic: Building an infrastructure to foster early attachment to the scientific-practitioner model Louis G. Castonguay, Aaron L. Pincus, and Andrew A. McAleavey
5. Practice-oriented research: What it takes to do collaborative research in private practice Kelly Koerner and Louis G. Castonguay
6. Bridging the gap between research and practice in a clinical and training network: Aigle’s Program Héctor Fernández-Alvarez, Beatriz Gómez, and Fernando García
7. Therapists and researchers: Advancing collaboration Ann F. Garland and Lauren Brookman-Frazee
8. Conducting research and collaborating with researchers: The experience of clinicians in a residential treatment center Robert W. Adelman, Louis G. Castonguay, David R. Kraus, and Sanno E. Zack
9. Brief Strategic Family Therapy: Implementing evidence-based models in community settings José Szapocznik, Joan A. Muir, Johnathan H. Duff, Seth J. Schwartz, and C. Hendricks Brown
10. Building a practice research network: Obstacles faced and lessons learned at the Center for Collegiate Mental Health Andrew A. McAleavey, Allison J. Lockard, Louis G. Castonguay, Jeffrey A. Hayes, and Benjamin D. Locke
11. APIRE Practice Research Network: Accomplishments, challenges, and lessons learned Joyce C. West, Eve K. Mościcki, Farifteh F. Duffy, Joshua E. Wilk, Lisa Countis, William E. Narrow, and Darrel A. Regier
12. Building clinicians-researchers partnerships: Lessons from diverse natural settings and practice-oriented initiatives Louis G. Castonguay, Soo Jeong Youn, Henry Xiao, J. Christopher Muran, and Jacques P. Barber
Louis G. Castonguay is Professor of Psychology at Penn State University, State College, PA, USA. His work focuses on the process, outcome, and training of psychotherapy, as well as on the development of practice-research networks. He has co-edited seven books on psychotherapy integration, psychotherapy research and practice, principles of therapeutic change, insight and corrective experience in psychotherapy, and psychopathology.
J. Christopher Muran is Associate Dean and Professor in the Derner Institute, Adelphi University, Garden City, NY, USA. He is also the Director of the Psychotherapy Research Program at Mount Sinai Beth Israel, a New York City hospital. His research has concentrated on alliance ruptures and resolution processes, and has resulted in seven book collaborations, including Negotiating the Therapeutic Alliance (2000), Self-Relations in the Psychotherapy Process (2001), Dialogues on Difference (2007), and The Therapeutic Alliance (2010).