Between 1991 and 2002, Sierra Leone was wracked by a devastating civil war and the complete collapse of state institutions. Since then, however, the UK’s contribution to post-war reconstruction has been widely held up as an example of successful stabilisation and state-building – particularly of the country’s security and justice institutions.
Securing Sierra Leone, 1997–2013 examines how the process of state-building through security-sector reform developed in Sierra Leone, and the impact of this experience on international conceptualisations of such reform as well as on international interventions more broadly. The study is the most detailed of its kind, based on a comprehensive analysis of UK engagement in Sierra Leone between 1997 and 2013, including a host of first-hand accounts from key local and international actors.
This monograph shows why the UK intervention in Sierra Leone has been a relative success. However, it also questions the sustainability of state-building efforts that are driven by concepts of the liberal state. In Sierra Leone, critical challenges remain, not least in the combination of a particular vision of what a state should look like and the unrealistic expectations of progress on the part of the international community.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 2. 1997-2007: The Evolution of Security-Sector Reform in Sierra Leone 3. 2007-10: A New Government, A New Beginning 4. 2010-13: Sustainable Change, or Repoliticisation of the Security Sector? 5. Upstream Conflict Prevention 6. Conclusion: Learning from SSR in Sierra Leone
Peter Albrecht is a Security-Sector Development Adviser with the UN in Somalia, seconded by the Danish government from the Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS), where he is a Senior Analyst. He holds a PhD from Copenhagen Business School (CBS), an MSc from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), and an MA research degree from Aarhus University. Peter has co-authored Reconstructing Security after Conflict: Security Sector Reform in Sierra Leone (Palgrave Macmillan, 2011) and co-edited Policing and the Politics of Order-Making (Routledge, 2015).
Paul Jackson is Professor of African Politics at the University of Birmingham. He was formerly the Head of the university’s School of Government and Society, and Director of both the International Development Department (University of Birmingham) and the Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform (Institute of Development Studies). Paul has worked within the fields of politics and security for several governments, the UN, the EU and the World Bank. He has sat on the Advisory Board of the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces, and is a current member of the Folke Bernadotte Institute working group on security-sector reform. He has published extensively on security and development issues.
"This Whitehall Paper converted into a book on security sector reform in Sierra Leone offers unique empirical insight into the politics of international interventions in a changing global security landscape. Based on extensive analysis of the British contribution to processes of stabilization and state building through security sector reform in Sierra Leone, and building on earlier publications by the authors, the study provides important knowledge on how international interventions are experienced and negotiated by key strategic actors." - Maya Mynster Christensen, Royal Danish Defence College