Several key developments challenge the field of educational measurement today: demands for tests at larger scales with higher stakes, an improved understanding of how people develop capabilities, and new technologies for interactive digital assessments. Sociocognitive Foundations of Educational Measurement integrates new developments in educational measurement and educational psychology in order to provide researchers, testing professionals, and students with an innovative sociocognitive perspective on assessment. This comprehensive volume begins with a broad explanation of the sociocognitive perspective and the foundations of assessment, then provides a series of focused applications to major topics such as assessment arguments, validity, fairness, interactive assessment, and a conception of "measurement" in educational assessment. Classical test theory, item response theory, categorical models, mixture models, cognitive diagnosis models, and Bayesian networks are explored from the resulting perspective. Ideal for specialists in these areas, graduate students, developers, and scholars in both educational measurement and fields that contribute to a sociocognitive perspective, this book consolidates nearly a decade of research into a fresh perspective on educational measurement.
Table of Contents
Preface; Acknowledgments 1. Where We Are Going, and Why, and How 2. A Sociocognitive Perspective 3. The Structure of Assessment Arguments 4. A Sociocognitive Perspective on Design/Interpretation Arguments 5. A Sociocognitive Perspective on Assessment Use Arguments 6. Meaning in Measurement Models 7. Probability-Based Reasoning in Measurement Models 8. Measurement Concepts 9. A Conditional Sense of Fairness 10. Measurement Models and Fairness 11. Item Response Theory I: Item-Level Models 12. Item Response Theory II: Sociocognitive Perspectives 13. Item Response Theory III: Measurement 14. Generalizability Theory 15. Cognitive Diagnosis Models 16. Simulation-Based Assessment 17. Our Story So Far
Robert J. Mislevy is Frederic M. Lord Chair in Measurement and Statistics at Educational Testing Service. He is Professor Emeritus of Measurement, Statistics, and Evaluation with affiliations in Second Language Acquisition and Survey Methods at the University of Maryland, College Park, USA.
"This volume is a conceptual and methodological tour de force for the field of educational measurement. In weaving together theory, research, and practice across the diverse disciplines of sociocognition, measurement, and assessment, Robert J. Mislevy has provided a vision for the future of educational measurement. This is the synthesis of ideas, examples, and implications that many of us have hoped he would write."
—James W. Pellegrino, Co-Director of the Learning Sciences Research Institute, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
"Robert J. Mislevy—the founder of Evidence-Centered Design and the leading expert on assessment today—offers here a profound and definitive approach to assessment that finally comes fully to terms with the social and situated nature of learning and assessment."
—James Paul Gee, Mary Lou Fulton Professor of Literacy Studies and Regents’ Professor at Arizona State University, USA
"There are those who study the situated context of human learning and those who develop the empirical tools by which that learning is assessed. Were there ever two tribes more at odds? But now we have common ground. In Sociocognitive Foundations of Educational Measurement, distinguished psychometrician Robert J. Mislevy proves an expert guide in explaining commonalities between context and evaluation. From the use of familiar assessments like limited-response tests to next-generation gaming, his situated perspective has wide applications for wise use. Innovative and welcoming on every page, this is a phenomenal book for teachers, researchers, administrator, and policy makers."
—Norbert Elliot, Professor Emeritus of English, New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA
"Sociocognitive Foundations of Educational Measurement [is] a sweeping new volume from Robert Mislevy that defies genre conventions, as Mislevy himself has done over his remarkable career. Sociocognitive Foundations is the sort of book that seeks not just to contribute to ongoing conversations but to open up entirely new ones, and to give us the vocabulary and transdisciplinary conceptual schemes with which to have them. In particular, Mislevy’s volume addresses psychometric modeling, validity, philosophy of measurement, and (of course) sociocognitive theory, and while there are extant sources with more to say about each of these topics individually, we know of no other source that puts these fields into dialogue as vigorously as is done here."
"Mislevy has extensively articulated ways in which sociocultural insights can inform the definition of the targets of measurement, characterize threats to arguments for the interpretation and use of test scores, and provide means for better matching test methods and score interpretations with respect to differences among individuals. . . . Mislevy’s framework for measurement is comprehensive and boundary-pushing."
—Language Assessment Quarterly
"Robert Mislevy writes convincingly about ways in which measurement models can be in the service of claims about human cognition, inextricably embedded within social structures and life experiences. . . . It is essential reading for imagining and creating a different present and future of educational measurement."
—Journal of Educational Measurement