This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
The twenty-first century world faces several enormous challenges: how to mitigate climate change, meet a growing energy demand without relying on fossil fuels, and manage the escalating quantities of solid waste generated by cities around the world. This compendium volume offers a viable solution to all three: using solid waste as a renewable resource.
Intended for a wide audience ranging from engineers and academics to decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, this volume has gathered together research into a range of technologies and methodologies. The editors, two well-published researchers at the top of their field, have selected articles that lay the foundation for this discussion. They have then included chapters for the following waste management scenarios: anaerobic digestion, composting, pyrolysis and chemical upgrading, incineration and carbonization, and gasification.
Research has been included from around the world, representing potential international solutions to what are global challenges, as well as crucial implications for ongoing research in this important field of study.
Table of Contents
Part I: Foundations
Energy Recovery from Municipal and Industrial Wastes: How Much Green?; Satinder Kaur Brar, Saurabh Jyoti Sarma, and Mausam Verma
Energy Recovery Potential and Life Cycle Impact Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management Technologies in Asian Countries Using ELP Model; Andante Hadi Pandyaswargo, Hiroshi Onoda, and Katsuya Nagata
Part II: Anaerobic Digestion
Utilization of Household Food Waste for the Production of Ethanol at High Dry Material Content; Leonidas Matsakas, Dimitris Kekos, Maria Loizidou, and Paul Christakopoulos
Production of Fungal Glucoamylase for Glucose Production from Food Waste; Wan Chi Lam, Daniel Pleissner, and Carol Sze Ki Lin
Part III: Composting
Changes in Selected Hydrophobic Components During Composting of Municipal Solid Wastes; Jakub Bekier, Jerzy Drozd, Elżbieta Jamroz, Bogdan Jarosz, Andrzej Kocowicz, Karolina Walenczak, and Jerzy Weber
Transforming Municipal Waste into a Valuable Soil Conditioner through Knowledge-Based Resource-Recovery Management; Golabi MH, Kirk Johnson, Takeshi Fujiwara, and Eri Ito
Part IV: Pyrolysis and Chemical Upgrading
Furfurals as Chemical Platform for Biofuels Production 157; Daniel E. Resasco, Surapas Sitthisa, Jimmy Faria, Teerawit Prasomsri, and M. Pilar Ruiz
Part V: Incineration and Carbonization
Incineration of Pre-Treated Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) for Energy Co-Generation in a Non-Densely Populated Area; Ettore Trulli, Vincenzo Torretta, Massimo Raboni, and Salvatore Masi
Gaseous Emissions During Concurrent Combustion of Biomass and Non-Recyclable Municipal Solid Waste; René Laryea-Goldsmith, John Oakey, and Nigel J. Simms
Environmental Effects of Sewage Sludge Carbonization and Other Treatment Alternatives; Ning-Yi Wang, Chun-Hao Shih, Pei-Te Chiueh, and Yu-Fong Huang
Part VI: Gasification
An Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Fluidized Bed Gasification of Solid Waste; Sharmina Begum, Mohammad G. Rasul, Delwar Akbar, and David Cork
Gasification of Plastic Waste as Waste-to-Energy or Waste-to-Syngas Recovery Route; Anke Brems, Raf Dewil, Jan Baeyens, and Rui Zhang
Jimmy Faria is senior scientist at Abengoa Research, a R&D division of Abengoa. He is a chemical engineer and obtained a PhD from the University of Oklahoma (USA) in 2012. His research at the School of Chemical, Biological and Material Science at the University of Oklahoma (USA) is focused on the catalytic conversion of biomass-derived compounds in a novel nanoparticle stabilized emulsion system developed in this group, as well as on the synthesis, characterization, and applications of amphiphilic nanohybrids (e.g., enhanced oil recovery).
Maria Pilar Ruiz-Ramiro is senior scientist at Abengoa Research, a R&D division of Abengoa. She is a chemical engineer and obtained a PhD from the University of Zaragoza (Spain) in 2008. She later worked as research associate with Daniel E. Resasco at the School of Chemical, Biological and Material Science at the University of Oklahoma (USA). Her research is focused on the thermochemical conversion of biomass, synthesis, and characterization of carbon solids (carbon nanotubes, biomass char, and soot), and the development of nanostructured catalysts for biofuels up-grading reactions.
"A timely publication at present when environmental concerns and limited fossil fuel resources have called for a sustainable solution. In several important ways, the book is a comprehensive account of methodologies in waste-to-energy conversion. While the topic is of global interest, it is geographically diversified. There is no single best method that would apply everywhere. Therefore, a large number of methods are included. In addition, the full potential and possible drawbacks of each method have not been thoroughly exploited and revealed to date. An inclusive description of most of the promising methods will certainly draw a complete roadmap as a guideline for future exploration. Toward that goal, the authors not only discuss the chemistry itself, but also other important aspects, e.g., economics, resources and residential life styles that are strongly region-dependent. Most accounts come from realistic case studies and, this adds tremendous value, considering the nature of the topic being highly urgent and solution-driven."
— Tu N. Pham, PhD, Associate Engineer, R&D Hydroprocessing, Oklahoma