This book is the result of an international study by leading economists and sociologists from across Europe and North America. The response of the new social economy (primarily voluntary and co-operative sectors) to social exclusion and employability in the context of crises of unemployment and the welfare state is of wide international concern. This book looks specifically at the growth of enterprises and initiatives whose primary aim is the integration of unemployed and disadvantaged people into work. A common framework has been used in each of the country studies, thus allowing an interesting international comparative perspective to be developed. There is considerable interest in how the third sector is changing internationally in response to rapidly changing work and welfare systems. By distilling international experience this book makes an important contribution to debates about new ways of addressing the central issues of unemployment and social exclusion of disadvantaged people in society.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction: Introduction to an international evaluation, Jacques Defourny, Louis Favreau and Jean-Louis Laville. Work Integration and the New Social Economy in Ten Industrialized Countries: Austria: recent employment initiatives within a strong tradition of public action, Peter Ulrich Lehner; Belgium: voluntary organizations and integration through work in Francophone Belgium, Jaques Defourny, Marthe Nyssens and Michel Simon; Canada: social mobilization, insertion and local development in Canada (Québec), Louis Favreau; Finland: voluntary organizations and co-operatives for socio-economic reintegration in Finland, Pekka Pattiniemi, Harri Kostilainen and Marianne Nylund; France: voluntary sector initiatives for work integration, Danièle Demoustier; Germany: work integration through employment and training companies in Berlin and its surrounding region, Karl Birkholzer and Gunther Lorenz; Italy: the impressive development of social co-operatives in Italy, Carlo Borzaga; Spain: a new social economy still inadequately known and recognized, Isabel Vidal; Sweden: co-operative development agencies as a means of bridging recent failures of the system, Yohanan Stryjan and Filip Wijkstrom; United Kingdom: labour market integration and employment creation, Roger Spear. Theoretical Issues: The specific role of non-profit organizations in the integration of disadvantaged people: insights from an economic analysis, Carlo Borzaga, Benedetto Gui and Fabrizio Povinelli; Third sector and social economy re-examined in the light of initiatives promoting insertion, Jean-Louis Laville; Legitimate orders of social participation and the logic of social change, Bernard Eme. Conclusion: New directions in a pluralist economy, Jacques Defourny, Louis Favreau and Jean-Louis Laville; Index.
Roger Spear has been active in research on Co-operatives and Employee Owned Enterprises for many years. Studies have included a three year research project on co-operatives in the UK, a training pack for UK co-operatives and community businesses, a six country study of Worker Buyouts in Europe; a study of social co-ops in the UK; A comparative study of employee ownership in Netherlands and UK; a four country study of Social Audit in the social economy funded by DG23; a study of labour market integration in several European countries; a comparative study of social enterprises in Europe (EMES project FW4)). He is one of the co-ordinators of a major CIRIEC project on unemployment and the third system (funded by DG12). Jacques Defourny, University of Liège, Belgium, Louis Favreau, University of Quebec at Hull, Canada Jean-Louis Laville, CRIDA-LSCI, CNRS, Paris, France
’...interesting and important...it addresses issues that will become more important as the public sector retreats from welfare provision and employment regulations are continuously loosened.’ Labour and Industry