1st Edition

The Basics of Investigating Forensic Science
A Laboratory Manual





ISBN 9781482223156
Published September 23, 2015 by CRC Press
25 Color & 29 B/W Illustrations

USD $63.95

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Book Description

Once confined to four-year colleges and graduate schools, forensic science classes can now be found in local high schools as well as in two-year community colleges. The Basics of Investigating Forensic Science: A Laboratory Manual is designed for the beginning forensic science student and for instructors who wish to provide a solid foundation in basic forensic science topics and laboratory techniques. Divided into five distinct sections, the book covers a broad range of subjects, including fingerprinting, shoeprint analysis, firearms, pathology, anthropology, forensic biology, drugs, trace evidence, and more.

The book includes extensive notes for instructors to assist in pre-laboratory preparation. Highly illustrated with extensive diagrams and photos, this comprehensive laboratory workbook contains enough pedagogic content to enable it to be used alongside and forensic text or even as a stand-alone text. The laboratory exercises include pre- and post-laboratory questions, illustrating basic crime scene scenarios and clearly stating the objectives of each exercise. Many of the exercises also have additional advanced lab exercises and options for educators with access to more specialized equipment.

The Basics of Investigating Forensic Science lends itself to a wide range of academic levels and environments. It is a welcome primer to instructors wanting to conduct experiments, each using essential laboratory techniques, and to address core forensic science concepts.

Table of Contents

FORENSIC SCIENCE AND CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION

Introduction to Crime Scene Investigation: Solving the Puzzle
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Procedure

Locard’s Exchange Principle: Transfer of Evidence
Background
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Materials
Procedure
Post-Laboratory Questions

Physical Matches
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Procedure
Summary Questions
Worksheet

The 3Ls: Locating, Lifting, and Logging Evidence
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Materials
Procedure
Post-Laboratory Discussion Questions

Evidence Collection: Making an Evidence (Drug) Fold
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Materials
Procedure

Classifying Evidence: Is This Class or Individual Evidence?
Introduction
Materials
Procedure
Follow-Up Questions

The Basic Crime Scene Sketch
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Materials
Procedure
Follow-Up Questions

Crime Scene Investigation
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Procedure
Summary Questions

PATTERNS AND IMPRESSIONS

Fingerprints
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Procedure
Summary Questions
Worksheet

Questioned Documents
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Procedure
Advanced Laboratory Procedure
Summary Questions
Worksheet

Firearms Identification Web Quest
Procedure
Questions to Answer
Case File Exercise

Basic Firearms Identification: Examining Bullets and Cartridge Casings
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Materials
Procedure
Post-Laboratory Questions

Basic Toolmark Identification: Screwdriver Comparison
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Materials
Procedure
Post-Laboratory Questions

Shoeprints
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Procedure
Summary Questions
Worksheet

FORENSIC BIOLOGY

Serology
Introduction
Scenario
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Procedure
Advanced Laboratory Procedure
Discussion Questions
Advanced Questions
Worksheet

Pathology: The Autopsy
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Materials
Procedure
Post-Laboratory Questions

DNA Analysis
Introduction
Scenario
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Procedure
Advanced Laboratory Procedure
Discussion Questions
Advanced Questions
Worksheet

Hairs
Introduction
Scenario
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Procedure
Discussion Questions
Worksheet

Forensic Anthropology: Determination of Stature
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Materials
Procedure
Post-Laboratory Questions

Basic Bloodstain Pattern Analysis
Background
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario

FORENSIC CHEMISTRY

Inks
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Procedure
Summary Questions
Worksheet

Illicit Drugs
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Procedure
Advanced Laboratory Procedure
Summary Questions
Advanced Summary Questions
Worksheet

White Powder Testing
Introduction
Scenario
Materials
Procedure
Post-Laboratory Questions

Calculating Blood Alcohol Concentration: The Widmark Formula
Introduction

Fibers
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Procedure
Summary Questions
Worksheet

Polymers
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Procedure
Summary Questions

Fire Debris
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Procedure
Summary Questions
Worksheet

Explosives
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Procedure
Summary Questions
Worksheet

FORENSIC PHYSICS

Accident Investigation: Skid to Stop Mathematics
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Procedure
Work Space for Calculations
Post-Laboratory Questions

Glass
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Procedure
Summary Questions
Worksheet

Forensic Analysis of Glass: Identifying the Type of Glass
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Scenario
Post-Laboratory Analysis

Measuring the Diameter of a Human Hair
Introduction
Pre-Laboratory Questions
Materials
Procedure
Apparatus Setup
Post-Laboratory Questions

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Author(s)

Biography

Kathy Mirakovits teaches forensic science and physics at Portage Northern High School in Portage, Michigan, and physics at Kalamazoo Valley Community College in Kalamazoo, Michigan. She holds a master’s degree in science education from Western Michigan University and has completed over 15 graduate hours in forensic science. She has taught at the high school and two-year-college levels for a total of 25 years, teaching general science, physical science, chemistry, biology, earth science, and physics. She conducts workshops across the United States for teachers who wish to learn the application of forensic science in a school curriculum. She currently serves as the high school director for the Michigan Science Teachers Association.

Gina Londino received her master’s degree in chemistry from Purdue University in Indianapolis. Her main focus in graduate school was in forensic analysis of pigmented ink using pyrolysis gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. She also performed research on biomarkers at Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, through the ADME department throughout graduate school. Gina is currently a senior lecturer in the Forensic and Investigative Sciences program at Indiana University–Purdue University, Indianapolis, where she has been teaching introductory courses in forensic science, forensic chemistry, and forensic microscopy since 2006. She has designed multiple courses in forensic science, including a variety of beginner-to-advanced laboratory exercises.