In this book, Phan Le-Ha identifies and discusses four growing self-sustained/sustaining fundamental phenomena in transnational education (TNE), namely (1) the planned, evolving and transformative mediocrity behind the endorsement of English-medium education legitimized by the interactive Asia-the West relationship; (2) the strategic employment of the terms ‘Asia/Asian’ and ‘West/Western’ by all stakeholders in their perceptions and construction of choice, quality, rigour, reliability and attractiveness of programs, courses, and locations; (3) the adjusted desire for an imagined (and often misinformed) ‘West’ among various stakeholders of transnational education; and (4) the assigned and self-realized ownership of English by otherwise normally on-the-margin groups of speakers. A focus on how these phenomena impact questions of identity and desire in TNE is a running theme.
The above phenomena are discussed against the backdrop of ‘the rise of Asia’ sentiment and how this sentiment has played out in interactions and relationships between ‘the West’ and ‘Asia’ and among Asian institutions and various entities. Phan Le-Ha’s examination of the identified phenomena in TNE has been informed by her multi-layered engagement with the dialectic of the Asia-the West relationship, her critical take on certain pro-Asia and decolonisation scholarship, and her interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approach to theorise the field and the specific topic under scrutiny.
Phan Le-Ha shows that the current Asia chooses (not necessarily by force but largely by will and often with an informed and well-articulated agency) to go with the idea of the West and often desires an affiliation with the West either directly or indirectly, something that is getting more intense in the context of globalization, regionalization, and commercialization of education. The rise of Asia has made the idea of the West even more looked-for in Asia. TNE in Asia, in many ways, is the transforming and dynamic transit point, a layover that facilitates entry into a wanted destination – the West and/or the idea of the West. The West and Asia need one another more than ever in the context of the internationalization and commercialization of higher education. What’s more, the West and Asia have hardly ever been mutually exclusive but have rather been in an eventful love-and-obsession relationship with each other. This is the very dialectic proposition that Phan Le Ha takes throughout this book while paying specific attention to transnational higher education in the greater Asian region including the Middle East, following her several research projects conducted in the region since 2005 to date.
Transnational Education Crossing 'the West' and 'Asia' explores:
• English, Internationalisation of Higher Education, and Identity: Increasing Academic Monolingualism and English-only Package
• Transnational Education and Dream Realization: From the Philippines to Vietnam, From Afghanistan to Dubai, From Everywhere in Asia to Thailand
• Desiring International /Transnational Education: Theorisation of Key Concepts and Next Steps from Here
The book will be of interest to researchers in the field of transnational education, Asia education and education policy.
Table of Contents
1. Defining a Stance
2. Foregrounding the Debates
3. The West, Asia, and ‘The Rise of Asia’
4. Engaging with the ‘Convenient’ Western- Asian Paradox
5. English, Internationalisation of Higher Education, and Identity: Increasing Academic Monolingualism and English-only Package
6. Appropriating and Abusing Transnational Education in Saudi Arabia: Commericalisation, Neoliberalism, Desire, and English (with Osman Barnawi)
7. Student Identities in Transnational Space: Vietnam in Focus
8. Intercultural Interactions in English-medium Programmes as Imagined Interactions with a ‘Western’ Entity
9. International Teaching Staff and International Students Raising Concerns over Questions of Integration and Belonging in TNE
10. Transnational Education and Dream Realization: From the Philippines to Vietnam, From Afghanistan to Dubai, From Everywhere in Asia to Thailand
11. Desiring International /Transnational Education: Theorisation of Key Concepts and Next Steps from Here
Phan Le-Ha is with the College of Education at The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. She also holds an adjunct appointment in the Faculty of Education, Monash University, Australia.
In addressing an extensive range of fundamental issues and problems surrounding transnational education, including for example English language policy and practice, and understandings and implications of ‘Asian’ versus ‘Western’ discourses, this book is a valuable resource for anyone interested in the internationalisation of higher education globally. Emeritus Professor Anne Chapman, The University of Western Australia
In a context where many Asian parents and students aspire to a 'Western' education, and American universities and schools are caught up in a terminal case of 'Asia-envy' - this is a timely and important work. Phan Le Ha makes it impossible for any of us to take the official marketing and spin about the value of East/West, Asia/America educational exchange at face value. Emeritus Professor Allan Luke, Queensland University of Technology